Perennials: Do not prune roses until the buds break.
Flowers: Geranium seeds may germinate irregularly so take care when transplanting from the seed tray and wait until germination is complete. Do not pinch back seedling geranium plants. Pinching for shaping purposes can create a plant that looks good but won’t flower until very late in the season. To ensure bushy plants, provide the bright light that geraniums love.
Vegetables and fruits: Beginners are often too eager at this time of year and start seeds too early. Seedlings that are started too early grow too fast and by the time the planting season arrives in mid to late May, the plants are floppy and suffer severely when transplanted. Tomato seed needs only six to eight weeks from the time it is planted indoors until plants are sturdy enough to be set outdoors. Peppers and eggplants are a little slower and need two months. Make a schedule indicating the last approximate frost date in your area (usually around Mother’s Day) when tender plants can be set out. Working backwards on the calendar will provide the correct date to start seeds indoors.
Trees and shrubs: Respray shrubs with deer repellents and antidessicants when the temperature rises above 40 degrees and is expected to remain there for at least 30 minutes after spraying. The antidessicant acts as a spreader sticker as well as keeping the plants from losing moisture.
Lawns: Recent studies have shown that white grubs are attracted to areas of turf that have been irrigated. Mowing higher may also discourage female beetles from entering the soil to lay eggs.
Houseplants: Try dividing an African violet. The younger crowns can be pulled apart from the “mother” crown, with roots attached, and a new plant is born. Repot all plants and watch them grow. A bright east or west window is the best spot for an African violet now that the sun is stronger.
General: Studies have shown that artificial light such as outdoor flood lights can have a detrimental effect on wildlife and plants.